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Waste management in Russia under reform

New technologies and partnerships support sustainability

Russia is undergoing a reorganization of its waste management system. The future emphasis will be on increasing recycling while still acknowledging the need for more authorized landfill capacity. This means that there is a growing market for waste separation methods as well as technology prolonging the lifecycle of landfills. A delegation of Russian waste management directors visited the Liepājas RAS waste management center in August 2018 and shared their insights on the future development of the Russian waste management industry.

Four years ago, the Russian government launched a plan to reorganize the waste management system in Russia. The change is now underway. The nation is divided into 85 regions, with 242 local operators handling the waste management. At the moment, late summer of 2018, there are 205 local operators in business. It is estimated that the objective of 242 local operators will be met by the end of 2019. The Russian waste management association demands governmental support so that the regional organizations can share best practices, increase know-how and standardize operations throughout the nation.

New waste management solutions help fight unauthorized dumping in Russia

Unauthorized dumpsite Russia, Kolpino. 7 May. 2016.

As landfills are quickly approaching maximum capacity, unauthorized dumping is common in Russia. (Image from Kolpino, Russia. Editorial credit: grach_a / Shutterstock.com)

The aim is to close down unofficial dump sites and to establish new authorized landfills. Although future effort is on increasing recycling, new landfills will be needed to accommodate the increasing amounts of municipal solid waste and to enhance safety and sanitary conditions in and around landfills.

Compaction technologies, volume reduction by shredding, and baling of waste help prolong the lifecycle of both existing and future landfills. Different solutions for the separation of waste are also needed. Optical sorting, magnetic separation and manual separation are some of the options. Screens are also needed for sorting lines. This development paves the way for new and fruitful partnerships with companies providing waste management solutions.

TANA compactor in snow

The harsh weather conditions in Russia set high requirements for the machinery used.

Need for new solutions and technologies gives rise to new partnerships

A delegation of Russian waste management directors visited the Liepājas RAS waste management center in Latvia with TANA dealers Andrey Pichurin and Liudmila Klyushnichenko to see how TANA machines could improve their waste management processes. They were impressed by the smooth operation of TANA Shark waste shredder. They also found the switch between different waste types surprisingly simple.

Boris Prokopiev (Vice Chief Executive of the Association of the companies, operators and specialists in the recycling management), and waste recycling operators Vadim Shklyar (director of the Spetsavtobasa Kursk city) and Romualdas Janushkjavichus (director of the Gorkomhoz LLC from Ulianovsk) also emphasized the importance of seeing how things are done elsewhere. They are looking forward to incorporating these models and ideas into their own operations where applicable.